Braunton Burrows

The Burrows


Braunton Burrows is owned and managed by Christie Devon Estates. The Burrows is at the core of the UNESCO North Devon Biosphere Reserve and is the second largest sand dune system in the UK. It is home to an abundance of flowers, plants and wildlife. A PDF version of the Braunton Burrows Guide and Map  is avaialable for download.

It is a place where a variety of interests coexist, from land management through livestock grazing to use for MOD training exercises. It is also a popular destination for recreational users such as hikers, dog walkers and nature lovers (a dog walkers’ guide to Braunton Burrows can be found here).

While part of the working estate, the Burrows has always been open to the public who have unrestricted access to the 1800 acre space. However, the Estate does have some guidelines for use – such as having dogs on leads in livestock zones – and asks the public to respect these. Please note vehicle accesss is not permitted without permission and metal detecting on the Burrows is strictly prohibited without a licence from the estate office.

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The Burrows landscape is separated between dunes and slacks (dips) – from the imposing peaks of the Great Dune and Grand Canyon to the quiet tranquility of Bee Slack and Partridge Slack – and contains ponds and plains that bristle with coarse grass.

There are more than 470 species of flowering plants, comprising 11 species of orchids alone within the Burrows, while the prolific insect population includes crickets, dragonflies and 33 species of butterfly. The best time to visit is between May and July when the Burrows are carpeted in wild flowers. Visitors are advised to drop in on the Braunton Countryside Centre to learn more about the Burrows.

Braunton Burrows needs to careful management to allow its abundant flora and fauna to flourish and the estate works in conjunction with Natural England to achieve this. This includes a range of techniques including grazing by traditional cattle breeds and mechanised scrub clearance.

As well as its wealth of natural history, the Burrows also has an interesting military history. It was used as a training camp by over 10,000 American GIs preparing for the Normandy Landings. This aspect of the Burrows past is preserved by the Friends of the Assault Training Center historical group.

Relics from that period can still be seen, including the remnants of a bazooka firing range and concrete landing craft used to practice for the invasion. Since the Second World War the Burrows have been used by the Ministry of Defence for training purposes.

Conservation


Braunton Burrows holds a Special Area of Conservation status and the special importance of this site has been recognised at national and international level with UNESCO, SSSI and AONB designations. Here is a short summary of what these designations mean:

UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

Braunton Burrows is at the heart of the Unesco Biosphere Reserve which has been designated by

Unesco (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). As a World Biosphere Reserve, the Burrows is recognised as having one of the best quality dune systems – in terms of its flourishing flora and fauna – in the northern hemisphere.

The Biosphere Reserve classification covers the northern part of the county of Devon. It recognizes areas of the world where the local community shows willingness to develop a harmonious relationship with a high quality environment.

Christie Devon Estates takes this responsibility very seriously in its management of the Burrows. The estate joins community representatives such as Devon County Council, Torridge District Council and North Devon District Council in supporting the Biosphere.

SSSI

Reflecting its importance as a nature conservation area, Braunton Burrows is a protected area under the designation as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). The classification is a reflection of the importance of the Burrows as a place of natural heritage, a place where plant and wildlife can flourish.

AONB

Braunton Burrows exists within the North Devon coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The exceptional beauty of this part of southwest England was designated AONB status in 1959 and the North Devon Coast AONB covers 66 square miles that extends from Exmoor to Cornwall. More details about North Devon Coast Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty can be found here.

Natural England

This is a government advisory body, set up look after the country’s natural environment and protect natural landscapes. Natural England advises Christie Devon Estate on maintaining the Burrows environment, promoting land management techniques, such as cattle grazing to keep scrub levels down and promote new flower and plant growth.  More information about what Natural England does can be found here.

Education


Sitting at the heart of the North Devon Biosphere, and a conservation site of worldwide importance, Braunton Burrows offers many opportunities for educational groups from Key Stage 2 and 3 to A-level and degree students.

The Burrows has a designated Education Officer who can accompany field study groups visiting the Burrows. On guided walks, groups can find out how the Christie Estate works with conservation partners to manage the Burrows and support the diverse range of flora and fauna that flourishes in this unique environment. These partners include including Natural England, Plantlife, North Devon Coast AONB, and North Devon Biosphere.

During the summer the Braunton Countryside Centre hosts free weekly educational walks for the general public with guides John and Mary Breeds, renowned naturalists who have been studying the Burrows for many years. These take place every Friday evening during June, July and August, 6.30pm meet at Sandy Lane car park.

As well as natural history educational visits, the Burrows’ there are also guided historical walks that focus on the Burrows’ use by American troops to train for the Normandy landings.

If you would like to find out more about educational visits to the Burrows, please contact Rupert Hawley via brauntonburrows@gmail.com

Video


Aerial footage of Braunton Burrows. This footage was taken in January 2017 and highlights the scale and current condition of Braunton Burrows. This footage will provide a reference platform for future management of the Burrows.

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1 day ago

Braunton Burrows Public Information

November 2018: New calves. Dog walkers be aware!

Take a walk through Zone 2 at the moment and you will encounter the Burrows herd grazing peacefully in the slacks and on the slopes of the dunes.

The herd, which is predominantly made up of Devon Reds, currently includes over 90 pregnant cows and an increasing number of calves. Hence there are a lot of big bellies on show... (Fact for the day a cow's pregnancy lasts around 10 months!).

Unlike modern cattle breeds, the Devon Red is a 'traditional' breed. It is known for its hardiness and ability to thrive by grazing on marginal land, which is why it has a conservation role on the Burrows,helping with the managing of scrub.

The Burrows is owned by Christie Estates, and although it welcomes the public to use it freely, it requests that users follow some simple guidelines in return. For dog walkers this means: Keeping dogs on leads around cattle and under close control at all times.

In the coming months there will be many more newborn calves on the Burrows. These are often hidden for hours at a time while mothers graze and this is the main reason we ask dogs to be on leads around cows . Even the best natured dog can spook a cow through its inquisitiveness or by bounding around. Once spooked a calf can become separated from its mother and each year a number of them die as a result.

Despite the placid nature of the Devon Red, there is always an unpredictability when new calves are around, and over the years there have been isolated incidents of cows behaving aggressively when their space has been invaded by dogs.

In line with the Countryside Code, "It’s always good practice to keep your dog on a lead around farm animals and horses, for your own safety and for the welfare of the animals."
www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-countryside-code/the-countryside-code

To avoid the cattle altogether, head to Zone 1 or 3. If you're in Zone 2, please respect the guidelines.

In the meantime, enjoy the sight of this majestic (and Devon through and through) breed which calls the Burrows home!

Many thanks!
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4 days ago

Braunton Burrows Public Information

Some photos from the amazing Pages of the Sea event on Saunton Beach yesterday to mark the 100th anniversary of the Armistice. ...

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Livestock Update: 20/10/18

Please be advised that cows are now grazing in ZONE 2. New signage on main gates and stiles reflects the situation. Always check this page for the very latest grazing zone updates.

Please keep dogs on leads around livestock. Many thanks!
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1 month ago

Braunton Burrows Public Information

05/10/2018: Zone 1 Works

Visitors to ZONE 1 will have noticed extensive scrub clearance works being carried out in a number of slacks. Lasting from September to February these works are focusing on clearing areas of scrub, cutting back to levels which can then be grazed by cattle. New contractors, Aider UK Ltd, a company with ecological credentials, is carrying out the task.

The scrub is being cleared in slacks in large swathes (pictured is the view from Fox Slack post-clearance) and through precision clearing. The latter involves the use of a range of cutting devices - from remote controlled Robocut machines (pictured) to access steep and hard to get to areas, toppers and chainsaws in sensitive areas - for example to cut around apple trees.

In coming weeks activities will appear quite destructive - as excavators get to work on the tops of dunes that are too steep to access with tractors. These works are targeting the roots of Sea Buckthorn bushes which cover the dune tops - growing up to 12 ft high in places.

The works are brutal, but necessary. The cleared ground will give space and light for many of the Burrows' native flower and plant species to thrive such as the Wild Thyme in the photo.

The roots and cleared branches, laden with berries containing the seeds that get blown on the wind to rest and germinate into new bushes, will be stacked and burnt before the end of the scrub clearing season.

While works are taking place,please be observant in ZONE 1. Temporary signs will warn of works that may pose a risk to members of the public using the Burrows.
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1/10/2018:
Please note cattle have been removed from ZONE 3 for a few days. Signage will remain unchanged as this is only a temporary measure, but until further notice all zones are cattle free.
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Map

Information

The latest information regarding cattle grazing can be found on ‘Braunton Burrows Public Information’ Facebook page. For general enquiries or more information about educational opportunities, please email brauntonburrows@gmail.com