Braunton Burrows

The Burrows

Braunton Burrows is owned and managed by Christie Devon Estates. The Burrows is at the core of the UNESCO North Devon Biosphere Reserve and is the second largest sand dune system in the UK. It is home to an abundance of flowers, plants and wildlife. A PDF version of the Braunton Burrows Guide and Map  is avaialable for download.

It is a place where a variety of interests coexist, from land management through livestock grazing to use for MOD training exercises. It is also a popular destination for recreational users such as hikers, dog walkers and nature lovers (a dog walkers’ guide to Braunton Burrows can be found here).

While part of the working estate, the Burrows has always been open to the public who have unrestricted access to the 1800 acre space. However, the Estate does have some guidelines for use – such as having dogs on leads in livestock zones – and asks the public to respect these. Please note vehicle accesss is not permitted without permission and metal detecting on the Burrows is strictly prohibited without a licence from the estate office.


The Burrows landscape is separated between dunes and slacks (dips) – from the imposing peaks of the Great Dune and Grand Canyon to the quiet tranquility of Bee Slack and Partridge Slack – and contains ponds and plains that bristle with coarse grass.

There are more than 470 species of flowering plants, comprising 11 species of orchids alone within the Burrows, while the prolific insect population includes crickets, dragonflies and 33 species of butterfly. The best time to visit is between May and July when the Burrows are carpeted in wild flowers. Visitors are advised to drop in on the Braunton Countryside Centre to learn more about the Burrows.

Braunton Burrows needs to careful management to allow its abundant flora and fauna to flourish and the estate works in conjunction with Natural England to achieve this. This includes a range of techniques including grazing by traditional cattle breeds and mechanised scrub clearance.

As well as its wealth of natural history, the Burrows also has an interesting military history. It was used as a training camp by over 10,000 American GIs preparing for the Normandy Landings. This aspect of the Burrows past is preserved by the Friends of the Assault Training Center historical group.

Relics from that period can still be seen, including the remnants of a bazooka firing range and concrete landing craft used to practice for the invasion. Since the Second World War the Burrows have been used by the Ministry of Defence for training purposes.


Braunton Burrows holds a Special Area of Conservation status and the special importance of this site has been recognised at national and international level with UNESCO, SSSI and AONB designations. Here is a short summary of what these designations mean:

UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

Braunton Burrows is at the heart of the Unesco Biosphere Reserve which has been designated by

Unesco (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). As a World Biosphere Reserve, the Burrows is recognised as having one of the best quality dune systems – in terms of its flourishing flora and fauna – in the northern hemisphere.

The Biosphere Reserve classification covers the northern part of the county of Devon. It recognizes areas of the world where the local community shows willingness to develop a harmonious relationship with a high quality environment.

Christie Devon Estates takes this responsibility very seriously in its management of the Burrows. The estate joins community representatives such as Devon County Council, Torridge District Council and North Devon District Council in supporting the Biosphere.


Reflecting its importance as a nature conservation area, Braunton Burrows is a protected area under the designation as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). The classification is a reflection of the importance of the Burrows as a place of natural heritage, a place where plant and wildlife can flourish.


Braunton Burrows exists within the North Devon coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The exceptional beauty of this part of southwest England was designated AONB status in 1959 and the North Devon Coast AONB covers 66 square miles that extends from Exmoor to Cornwall. More details about North Devon Coast Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty can be found here.

Natural England

This is a government advisory body, set up look after the country’s natural environment and protect natural landscapes. Natural England advises Christie Devon Estate on maintaining the Burrows environment, promoting land management techniques, such as cattle grazing to keep scrub levels down and promote new flower and plant growth.  More information about what Natural England does can be found here.


Sitting at the heart of the North Devon Biosphere, and a conservation site of worldwide importance, Braunton Burrows offers many opportunities for educational groups from Key Stage 2 and 3 to A-level and degree students.

The Burrows has a designated Education Officer who can accompany field study groups visiting the Burrows. On guided walks, groups can find out how the Christie Estate works with conservation partners to manage the Burrows and support the diverse range of flora and fauna that flourishes in this unique environment. These partners include including Natural England, Plantlife, North Devon Coast AONB, and North Devon Biosphere.

During the summer the Braunton Countryside Centre hosts free weekly educational walks for the general public with guides John and Mary Breeds, renowned naturalists who have been studying the Burrows for many years. These take place every Friday evening during June, July and August, 6.30pm meet at Sandy Lane car park.

As well as natural history educational visits, the Burrows’ there are also guided historical walks that focus on the Burrows’ use by American troops to train for the Normandy landings.

If you would like to find out more about educational visits to the Burrows, please contact Rupert Hawley via


Aerial footage of Braunton Burrows. This footage was taken in January 2017 and highlights the scale and current condition of Braunton Burrows. This footage will provide a reference platform for future management of the Burrows.


28/02/2018: Livestock Update. Cattle in ZONE 1 only for approximately 3 weeks.

Please note that cattle have been removed from ZONE 2. Signs will be changed to reflect this in the coming days.In the meantime please share.

Thanks to those who have reported loose cattle in Zone 3. We believe they have been rounded up now, but if you see one please do let us know!

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Can we remind users of Braunton Burrows and Saunton beach that you should NEVER pick up objects that may contain incendiary material. These can range from spent smoke grenades to flares and even discarded bullet casings.

Last week a naval bomb disposal squad was called out to deal with a smoke grenade which had been picked up on the beach and left 'smoking' in a bin at Saunton. As a precautionary measure it was disposed of through a controlled detonation.

The Burrows is used for training by the MOD and, these often involve the use of pyrotechnic and incendiary material. While usually removed by those units training, occasionally ordnance is missed. In addition, flares used at sea can sometimes wash up on the beach.

To illustrate the dangers, phosphorous (which is used in flares) may contain trace elements that can reignite - onexposure to air and water - long after a flare has been used. Spent smoke grenades and bullet casings can also contain incendiary elements which can cause serious injury.

If you find a suspicious object while out walking on the Burrows or Saunton beach, do not pick it up. Please take a photo, and report it to

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12/02/2018: Burrows Guide with Circular Walks

Looking to get outdoors this half term week? Pick up a Braunton Burrows guide from the Sandy Lane car park kiosk, Braunton Countryside Centre and the Braunton Museum and Tourist Information Centre. You can also download a PDF version here:

Cows are in ZONES 1 + 2. Please keep dogs on leads around livestock.

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Here's a cautionary tail (sic!) about cattle.

Earlier this week some good samaritans from the military, out on manouvres in the Burrows, stumbled across a newly born calf hidden in the scrub. After much debate (picture the scene of these hardened men, turning doe eyed around a baby calf!), it was decided to pick it up and bring it in...

It was a noble gesture, but unfortuantely it was the wrong thing to do! Just as young birds that have fallen out of their nests should be left alone, so should Red Ruby calves.

This tradtional North Devon cattle breed is unlike modern cattle breeds.Their hardiness makes them ideal livestock for the Burrows, and they display some unique behaviour traits too. One of these is the tendency for mothers to hide the calves and go off to forage, often for hours at a time.

This is one of the reasons why dogs off leads can be an issue. Even the best natured dog can spook a calf by bounding around in the undergrowth. If the calf bolts, the mother may not be able to find it again.

In this story, all was well in the end. The calf was taken back out into the Burrows and reunited with its mother. With the undergrowth thinner at this time of year, you are more likely to stumble across a calf (they are well hidden). An exciting find, but if you do make such a discovery, please carry on walking!

Here are some other facts about this wonderful North Devon breed courtesy of

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02/01/2018: Livestock update

*** Please note that from January 2018 cattle will be in ZONE 2 and ZONE 1 for an extended period. Please keep your dogs on leads around cattle in these zones.

Also please be advised that there is no public access permitted to the Burrows fields to the left of the American Road (from Sandy Lane access). Sheep (including many pregnant ewes) are currently grazing here.

New signage reflecting this situation will be posted up in coming days.

Many thanks for your cooperation!

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The latest information regarding cattle grazing can be found on ‘Braunton Burrows Public Information’ Facebook page. For general enquiries or more information about educational opportunities, please email